“A comprehensive understanding of capitalism’s false solutions to the climate crisis is an essential prerequisite for moving forward in a thoughtful and proactive way,” writes Brian Tokar. But “If technological fixes are insufficient to usher in an age of renewable technologies, is the situation hopeless? Is a nihilistic response, anticipating a cataclysmic “end-of-civilization,” the only viable alternative?,” as people like Derrick Jensen argue. “Or can the prefigurative dimensions of earlier, more hopeful radical ecological movements be renewed in our time?”
These are crucial questions, and Brian Tokar’s article, “Movements for Climate Action: Toward Utopia or Apocalypse?,” is worth reading.